A hardy breed, the Brangus is a cross-breed of Brahman and Angus cattle. The name “Brangus” is a registered trademark of the International Brangus Breeders Association (IBBA). Animals eligible for official registration under the breed name must be made up of 5/8 Angus and 3/8 Brahman.
The combination of the two parent breeds results in cattle that displays the best traits of each. For example, during a lengthy natural selection process, the Brahman developed traits for disease resistance, hardiness and excellent maternal instincts, while the Angus breed is well known for its superior beef and overall carcass qualities. Female Angus cattle are also widely recognized for their exceptional fertility traits and milk production.
Efforts to develop the Brangus breed started in the early part of the 20th century, but it was not until 1949 that the first Brangus breeders were chartered. Official Brangus cattle must either descend from the foundation animals that were registered that year or from registered Brahman and Angus cattle registered since that time.
Early breeders were looking for a beef-type animal that would be hardy enough to withstand adverse weather conditions. Many of these breeders worked in isolation to produce the right sort of cattle for their needs and were refining the work done in the 1930s at the United States Department for Agriculture to cross-breed Brahman and Angus cattle.
The private breeders, who came from 16 states and Canada, convened in Oklahoma after World War II to found the first American Brangus Breeders Association, which later became the IBBA. The association now boasts members in nearly every state in America and in Canada, Mexico, Central America, Argentina, Zimbabwe and Australia.
Brangus cattle have a number of characteristics which have led to their popularity in North America and elsewhere around the globe. They have a sleek coat, which is black or red, and pigmented skin. In addition:
- They have a good temperament, which is the principle reason why they were bred
- They are hornless, or polled, cattle
- They are high performers in the pasture and forage well
- Brangus cattle quickly put on weight when they are fed in a yard
- They offer owners proven resistance to high temperatures
- Brangus cattle are resistant to conditions where they might be exposed to high humidity
- They cope well with wintry weather and colder climates because they produce adequate hair to protect themselves
- Brangus cows are diligent mothers
- Calves are heavier and more vigorous at birth and have a good survival rate at weaning
In addition to breed characteristics, look for these visual cues when evaluating Brangus cattle:
- Round rumps
- Small humps on bulls
- Medium to large ears
- Loose skin, mostly noticeable at the neck folds
- Mature bulls weigh between about 1,800 and 2,000 pounds
- Mature females weigh between 1,100 to 1,200 pounds
Bulls are ready to breed at 18 months and are fully mature by two years of age. Heifers can be bred at 14 months of age and can potentially produce their first calf at 24 months. Bulls are perfectly capable of remaining in service to the age of 12, but cows can continue to produce calves at 14 and sometimes beyond.
For further information about this hardy and excellent meat-producing breed, please fill out the online form to contact us.